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AUTOCAD.

ٲ AUTOCAD

" CAD, CAM, CIM" - , 1 21.03.02 ϲ 2002 " AutoCAD. AutoCAD" " CAD, CAM, CIM" 7.090.202 . . .. , .. . : ϲ, 2002.-27.- ..

: .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

AUTCAD

AutCAD , , ; , , , , , .



AutCAD , .

: , , .. () , .

:

AutCAD;

AutCAD.

:

1. , .

2. , AutCAD.

3. , , AutCAD.

4. AutCAD.

5. , AutCAD.

6. .

7. .

AUTCAD

AutCAD (DXF-).

AutCAD . AutCAD , .

AutCAD DXF IGES, ASCII, DXB, , . .

, , DXF REZ.DXF.

AutCAD.

DXF AutCAD DWG, :

1. REZ.DXF AutCAD.

2. AutCAD.

3. , .

4. UTILITY.

5. DXF/DXB.

6. DXFIN ( DXF).

7. : REZ.

8. SAVE .

DWG. AutCAD .

:

1. AutCAD , , , .

2. . , , , 130130 .

3. , .

4. 1 .

5. 4 , 5 .

6. .

7. .

REZ.DXF. AutoCAD, , AutoCAD , DXF. DWG REZ, . DXF DWG .

AutCAD . , 1.

REZ.DXF PRIM.DWG, (.1).

1. SETTING () Command: SNAPENTER ON/OFF/Value/Aspect/Rotate/Style: Off /////:

2. , , 20 , :

Command: MOVE: ENTER Select objects: W 30 :

-

Base point or displacement:

:

Second point of displacement: @0,30

:

1.

   

, , .

: .





:

1) 130 130 :

Command: LIMITS

ON/OFF/Lover left corner 0.0000,0.0000:

// 0.0000,0.0000:

Upper right corner 12.0000,9.0000: 130,130.

2) 0,1 :

Command: SNAP Snap spaing or ON/OFF/Value/Aspect/Rotate/Style: 0.1 ////: 0.1 Snap spaing or ON/OFF/Value/Aspect/Rotate/Style: ON ////: .

3) 5:

Command: GRID Grid spacing(X) or ON/Off/Snape/Aspect 0.0000: 5 ()/ /// 0.0000: 5 Grid spacing(X) or ON/Off/Snape/Aspect 0.0000: ON ()/ /// 0.0000: .

4) , :

: Command: ZOOM All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Left/Previous/Vmax/Window/Scale: A //////// : .

5) . . .

, . , . (layer), (color) (linetype) (object properties).

:

- () ;

POST

- , ;

OSN

- ;

RAZM

- , .

OSI ddlmodes, Modify Layer Settings. Current (). , Linetype ddlmodes , . Linetype, ACAD.lin, Linetype LAYER, .

Command: LAYER ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: N ?////////:

New layer name(s): POST,OSN,RAZM,OSI,HATH ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: L Ltype: DASHDOT Layer name(s) for Ltype DASHDOT : OSI ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: ENTER.

6) :

Command: UNITS

:

Number of digits to right of decimal point (0 to 8) current:1.

.

- :

OSI .

Command: LAYER ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: S New current layer 0: OSI.

Command: LINE ( )

From point:

( ).

T point:

POST :

Command: LAYER ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: S New current layer OSI: POST.

F8, c LINE (.4).

4. POST

:

Command:UCS:

Origin/Zaxis/3point/Enttty/View/x/y/z/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/ ?/World: O

/Z/3///X/Y/Z/////:

. .

, (.4):

Command: LINE ( ) From point: 0,-40 T point:@0,80 To point: ENTER ENTER . , .

, :

Command: LINE ( ) From point:

-10,10 T point:@20,0 To point: ENTER Command: ENTER (OSN) (.5):

5. Command: LAYER ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: S New current layer POST: OSN

PLINE 0.8 :

ORTHO . . int Osnap.

0,8 . intersec ().

Command: PLINE From point: int Intersection of ( 0.0) Current line-width is 0.0 Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/End point of line: W

////// :

Starting width 0.0: 0.8

Endind width 0.8:

Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/End point of line: int

:

Command: PLINE Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/End point of line: int Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/End point of line: ENTER

(. 6):

Command: LAYER ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: F Layer name (s) for freeze OSN: POST ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: ENTER

   

- RAZM Command: LAYER ?/Set/New/On/Off/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: S New current layer OSN: RAZM . , , 4 ., 5 ., .

DIM, DimVars :

DIMTAD ( ) - , DIMTIH ( ) , DIMTXT ( ) 4, DIMTSZ ( ) 0, DIMASZ ( ) 5, DIMGAP ( )- 1, DIMTOH ( ) , DIMTOFL ( , ) , : DIMTOL , DIMTP , DIMTM .

, . . ENTER, . , .

.

10 , .

Command: DIM

DimVar :

DIMTAD - ON (1) - ( );

DIMTIH - OFF (0) ( );

DIMTXT - 2 ( ) ;

DIMDLI - 5 ( );

DIMTSZ - 0 ( ) ;

DIMASZ -1.75 ( ) ;

: DIMTOL - ON ;

- 0.075 ;

DIMTP DIMTM - 0.075 .

:

DIM: HOR First extension line origin or RETURN to select: int ( ) Of Second extension line origin: end ( ) Of

RETURN :

:

:

( );

Dimension text location:

Dimension text 10 :ENTER

:

:

.

.7 , .

7. .

.

HATH.

.8 HATH.

. . .

: Command: PLINE From point: int Current line-width is 0.8 0.8 Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/Endpoint of line: W

////// :

0, , .

PEDIT.

: Command: PEDIT ( )

Select polyline:

Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit curve/Spline curve/Decurve/Undo/eXit X:

////// .//: S .

   

AutCAD : .

   

SETTING () LIMITS () .

: LIMITS ():

ON/OFF/Lower left cornercurrent^

// :

:

ON() ;

OFF() ;

.

. . ON OFF ( ). Out side limits - .

:

31 , ;

;

, , , , ;

:

;

/ , ;

/ , , , , , .

: LAYER ():

?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw/LOck/Unlock ?///////// //

:

? ;

Make () . ON (), CONTINUOUS () 7 ();

Set () . , .. NEW () . (OFF ()), Set () , ;

New () , ;

ON () ();

OFF () ();

Color () ;

Ltype () ;

Freeze () ;

Thaw () . ;

LOck () ;

Unlock () .

:

HORizontal () - , ;

VERtical () - ;

ALIgned () - , ;

ROTated () - .

BASeline - ;

CONtinue - .

:

- , ANGular , , .

, , :

- DIAmeter ;

- ;

RADius

- .

CENter

:

, DimVars, .

:

DIMASO . ON() , .. ;

DIMCEN , (). 0, . , . , , ;

DIMLFAC . ;

DIMSCALE - ( , ).

:

DIMSOXD ();

DIMTIX (). ON(), , ;

DIMTAD (). ON(), . OFF(), DIMTVP;

DIMTXT ;

DIMGAP . , DIMGAP . ;

DIMTVP (). , , . DIMTVP OFF(), . DIMTVP , ;

DIMTIH . (). ON (), , OFF (), ;

DIMTOH . ().

ON (), , OFF (), ;

DIMTOFL , (). ON (), , , OFF (), ( ), ;

DIMRND . UNITS;

DIMSHO ();

DIMDLI (). BASELINE() CONTINUE() , .

:

DIMTSZ (). 0, .

, ;

DIMASZ ();

DIMDLE (). DIMTSZ (.. ), DIMDLE.

: .

:

() : X,Y;

rA, r ; .

: @dx,dy- ; @rA . @ .

SNAP () .

SNAP - () .

: SNAP ()

: Snap spacing or ON/OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Style current:

//// :

, . . .

:

ON/OFF (/) / ( F9) Aspect() X Y;

Style() - Rotate() .

GRID () -

: GRID ():

: Grid spacing(X) or ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect current:

() /// :

Spacing(X) - , . "X" (,"5X"), . SNAP.

ON () - .

OFF () - .

Snap () - , .

Aspect () - SNAP.

Rotate Style , SNAP.

, . 0. , SNAP.

, . . OSNAP ().

: OSNAP ():

:

:

Object snap modes:

():

- ;

CENter ENDpoint - , INSertion - ///;

INTrsection - // , ;

MIDpoint - , ;

// NEArest ;

- , ( NODe , );

- ;

NONe PERpendicular- //;

QUAdrant - 0, 90, 180, 270;

- , QUIck ;

TANgent - .

. , . .

( ) . 1 .

APERTURE .

:

Ctrl-H - 1 ;

Ctrl- - ;

Ctrl- - ;

Ctrl-Q - , .

: "Select objects. " SAVE ()- SAVE , , .

: SAVE : ( RETURN) , . , ".DWG".

   

1. , .

2. ,, , AutCAD.

3. AutCAD.

4. .

5. .

6. .

1. .. . .: , 1980.

2. . . .

.. ... .: .1. , 1987.

3. -. . .. ... .: , . 1,2. 1985.

4. Product Design for Assembly. U.S.A., 1991.

5. Design for Assembly Toolkit. Release 5.2*, U.S.A., 1991.

" AutoCAD. AutoCAD" " CAD, CAM, CIM" 7.090.202 . . .. , .. . : ϲ, 2002.-27.- ..

   

³ .. .. ..ﳺ 2002 ., . 78 ϳ. . 60 84 1. . . .

. . . . 1,38. .-. . 1,73. 100 . . . ֳ .

________________________________________________________________

ϲ. ϲ.

116 10.07.2000 . 61002.

, . , 21.

 >>  - .
:

www.pwc.com/ru/ 6 (45), 2013 , , ...

DS-2CD2412/2432F-I(W) IP- - DS-2CD2412/2432F-I(W) : 3 HD PIR- - 10 ...

.. ( - ) " " (...

ISSN 1994-0351. - . .: . 2013. . 3 (28). www.vestnik.vgasu.ru _ 621.397+004.896 . . , . . , ...

/2012 . , , ...

.. (, . ) 1 .. ( [1,2]), ...

I. , 1. 1.1 1.1....

, ; ...








 
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